Friday, 20 May 2022

Items filtered by date: April 2022

Minus the swashbuckling propaganda mill, Nigeria is having its worst nightmare that is causing it to fail and fall apart. Rarely since the civil war ended have Nigerians been so helpless and near hopeless on the same day. With terrorism and banditry brazenly capturing swathes of territory in daylight, Nigerians are asking – who is in charge of their affairs? An aloof president or sponsored criminal gangs? Why is the Buhari administration seemingly complacent and for what purpose? Where is the Commander-in-Chief while the country bleeds on all arteries and dying?

Presiding over a state now literally outgunned by terrorists, Governor Nasir El-Rufai of Kaduna State the other day threatened to invite foreign mercenaries to repel the reigning warlords. He also stated that four out of the seven North-western states – Katsina, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Sokoto – may join him to hire foreign mercenaries if the Federal Government does not end the ongoing spate of terror attacks in the region. Indeed, El-Rufai superficially superintends over a state whose criminal gangs have gone beyond claiming communities and highways to attacking international airport and hijacking moving trains to kill scores and kidnap over 100 that are still in captivity. Technically, the terrorists have cut-off the entire Kaduna State and the governor is just as threatened as his residents. In 2021, no fewer than 1,192 lost their lives to armed bandits and other forms of violence in the state, and a total of 3,348 persons were kidnapped in the same period.

But nasty and brutish state of nature where life is worthless is neither peculiar to Kaduna nor is it new. SBM Intelligence, a socioeconomic research firm, in its Media Reported Killings in Nigeria Report for Q4 2021, stated that at least 2,085 persons were reportedly killed in Nigeria in the fourth quarter of 2021 in violent incidents, including attacks from Boko Haram, militia herdsmen, abductions, gang clashes and terrorists, raising the tally of deaths to 10,366 in 2021. The criminal gangs have only got emboldened in 2022. Two Sundays ago, 80 Nigerians were murdered and 70 abducted when terrorists rained havoc on Kukawa, Gyambawu, Dungur, Kyaram, Yelwa, Dadda, Wanka, Shuwaka, Gwammadaji and Dadin Kowa, all in Plateau State. About 48 hours later, it was the turn of Benue where another 38 were reportedly killed in their houses. The narrative is the same in Katsina, Zamfara, Niger, Bauchi, Sokoto, Nasarawa, and Taraba states.

Amid the reign of anarchy, the invasion of Kaduna State is most symbolic. A troop of well-organised and better motivated criminals outmanoeuvring Kaduna into the epicentre of insecurity in the North-west makes a mockery of the Nigerian State and its constituted authority. It shames the president and demystifies its military might. Kaduna is not only the political capital of the old northern region; it is also the classical power base of Nigeria’s military elites. Early handlers of the country in their selfish tendencies created a ring of security institutions in Kaduna to elevate the status of the north over south.

It explains why Kaduna State is the home of the 1st Division of the Nigerian Army, Nigerian Army Depot, Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Nigerian Defence Industry, Nigerian Air force Training School, Nigerian Police College and the Nigerian Navy School of Armament. Other military institutions in Kaduna are: The Nigerian Army School of Legal Services, the Nigerian Defence Academy, the Nigerian Army School of Artillery, the Nigerian Army School of Military Police, Army Operation Base, and the Nigerian Army School of Infantry. Those were erstwhile fortresses that are now overrun by supposed ragtag ‘bandits’ that the northern political elites shielded from being proscribed as terrorists for years and even recycled as ‘repentant bandits’ and unleashed on the beleaguered society! Now, the chicken has come home to roost. And if the erstwhile safest state has become the most dangerous for residents and passersby, what confidence should the entire country repose on the floundering government to keep them safe?

The perilous situation notwithstanding, it is curious that El-Rufai and co-governors are considering the mutinous option of importing fresh chaos, otherwise called mercenaries, where they should be demanding accountability from themselves and President Buhari for every life not protected. The Commander-in-Chief has the primary constitutional duty of security and welfare, to which he pledged and swore to uphold on coming to power in 2015. Not to leave anyone in doubt, a sizeable chunk of the national budget has been sunk as investment into fighting insurgency since 2015 to date. In five years, approximately N5.081 trillion was awarded to security, including the appropriation of N4.669 trillion to the Federal Ministry of Defence and $1 billion (N412 billion) for the purchase of military equipment. Clearly, defence has never been starved of funding and security is the most viable sector on the appropriation priority list. Yet, the reward is the loss of about 11,000 civilians and security personnel to Boko Haram insurgency and attacks by herdsmen and bandits between Buhari’s inauguration in May 2015 and July 2021.

And that should elicit questions from the Commander-in-Chief and a General on why his security agencies are acting like they have received zero motivation. Alternatively, El-Rufai and the governors should be asking the president what exactly is going on that the country is falling apart under his watch. Why has the security agencies settled for containment and reactionary strategy, in place of taking the fight to camps of the enemies? Again, why are the terrorists so well-organised and motivated than the Nigerian Army? Why was the train attack not averted despite an intelligence report? Why are the Tucano jets not deployed to fight insurgency? Why have our gallant soldiers of ECOMOG fame of yesteryears gone so demotivated, ill-equipped and largely withdrawn where the battle is fiercest?

Beyond scheming for places in the next dispensation and making degrading comments on inviting mercenaries, the political elites should be asking themselves and the president, why are these terrorists and their sponsors warring against the Nigerian State? Why is the State so laid-back to name and prosecute them despite intelligence reports from foreign agencies? Who are their cohorts masterminding sabotage in government? Why is the Buhari government intransigent to reforms for effective Nigeria Police and other proposals on efficient governance where his aces have failed? Are they all symptomatic of predatory governance to make the state ungovernable and erode the atmosphere for the general election in 2023? Why the conspiracy against the people, country and for what purpose. Nigerians deserve to know what has happened to their dreams of a better country.

It is curious that the same set of political elites that are against Amotekun, Ebube Agu, among other interventions of State police are grandstanding on importing mercenaries to distract the narrative on accountability and responsible leadership. Clearly, what is amiss is the political will to tackle the menace of insurgency. A great deal of technology and coordinated force would have snuffed life out of the criminal gang like it is done in other troubled States in Africa and beyond. And on the long-run, a sincere restructuring policy that devolves more powers to sub-nationals will turn the country on its head and primed for its pride of place among the comity of nations. A sincere government should have achieved that in four years, not eight.

Published in Parliament
Friday, 22 April 2022 23:54

THE NATION EDITORIAL: DUBAI SEX TAPE

• Investigators have a lot to unravel, given the s3xual perversion exhibited by school children in the viral video

The last 10 years have been very sad for the Nigerian child. From the heartrending abductions in Chibok, North East Nigeria, to the arson in Bunu Yadi where young boys were burnt alive as they slept, to the abductions in Dapchi, Niger, Zamfara, Kaduna and many other states, to the disruption of West African School Certificate Examinations in the South East, to s3xual violations of different hues in all the tiers of education. It has been a challenging period for both parents and the society.

In the last six months, however, the death of Sylvester Oromoni in Dowen College, Lagos, over alleged bullying had necessitated the closure of the school by the Lagos State government, pending full investigations of the case. Sadly, Nigerians were yet to come to terms with that tragic incident when they woke up last week to the scandalous viral s3x tape of minors who are students of Chrisland Schools, Lagos. The video has been a product of varied analysis and outrage on a global scale, given the power of the social media.

The mother of the girl-child at the centre of the scandal had cried out, alleging rape. So the question we are asking is, how this incident remained under wraps for almost a month amidst allegations of cover-up by the Chrisland Schools management? The Lagos State government again swiftly shut down the schools pending investigations. It had also cautioned citizens to stop sharing the video on social media or risk a 14-year jail term. Whether the state has the technology to track such offenders remains to be seen.

We are as outraged by the actions of the minors as most Nigerians. This is a blood-chilling scandal from the same Chrisland that about two years ago had a member of its staff jailed for s3xually violating a two-year old. Today, the school is in the wrong side of the news again. What is the management doing wrongly? While we do not expect they wave a magic wand to abolish criminal activities of staff or students, we expect that there must be an introspection. Is the school management really very alert to security issues? Are there other scandals that are yet to be unearthed? How did a school trip degenerate to child pornographic video? Why was there the alleged attempt to suppress the scandal? What sort of supervisory roles did the school provide for the students who were of both genders? Is Chrisland alone in this alleged act of impropriety?

We are also outraged that the torchlight is on the girl in the scandal even when a group of boys was alleged to have gang-raped her. These are mere babies in the African cultural social demographics. Are we surreptitiously carrying on the blame game on the girl-child in form of the biblical narrative of the pharisees that brought the alleged woman adulterer to be stoned without the man that committed the sin with her? This sends a very wrong message. How are we raisng our boys?

We equally believe that there has been some failure of parenting in the society at large. Parents, especially those of the upper-middle class, seem to be abdicating in the moral compass they ought to provide for their children, either as parents, teachers or members of the society. We notice that most parents now contract out a huge part of the parenting job to teachers and the social media.

While the parents cannot operate outside the global social circles, there are still apps that parents can use to monitor and control what their children watch on social media, which is a huge part of their life influences at the moment. We believe there must be proper moral direction and control, given our culture.

On the part of schools management, the education ministries at the federal and state levels must upgrade their activities. A lot of reactive instead of proactive, preventive actions are at the root of the chaos we experience in the education sector. The alleged attempt by the school to suppress the scandal must be thoroughly investigated. Governments too must scale up their supervisory roles, both socially and educationally, because when people understand the consequences of non-compliance with set laws, they tend to exercise restraint.

We expect that this incident would be thoroughly investigated and all those found culpable either as parents, teachers or school management punished according to the law.

Published in Parliament
Friday, 22 April 2022 23:42

BY KOREDE YISHAU: Animals in power

The late Afrobeat maestro Fela sang about animals in human skin, who wore suits and ties, and wore agbada. NoViolet Bulawayo’s sophomore novel, ‘Glory’, has characters who are animals but their actions and inactions are those of human beings.

The novel evokes the memory of George Orwell’s Animal Farm Several lines in this book will force those who read Orwell to remember the folks in his ground-breaking allegory.

Like Orwell’s novel, the characters in this book by a Booker Prize finalist are not humans; they are donkey, horse, pig, dog and many other dirty animals. And in this kingdom called Jidada, some animals are more equal than the others.

Like those in Orwell’s novel, the animals in this book are very political in nature and their ways are similar to those of the politicians whose actions and inactions have made our world worse. These animals behave like men and women who love making the world difficult for the lower class. Unlike Orwell’s characters, these ones are modern animals who love going viral on social media: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and others.

The work is about an African country ruled by Old Horse, an animal who is regarded as the Father of the Nation. The country is considered his because of the revolution he led against the colonial masters and he is seen as leader for life even when age is slowing him down and his mental faculties begin to play funny jokes on him.

It takes off during an Independence Day celebration. Old Horse, his wife fondly called Dr. Sweet Mother, and the vice president, Tuvy, give speeches.

Old Horse’s speech is slurred, baffling and mired by incoherence, a development which makes his deputy remark that he be taken off the stage before further disgrace. But like a typical African politician, when the deputy mounts the podium, the encomiums he showers on him contrast with what he feels about the president, a man he obviously wants out of power, dead or alive.

Tuvy’s plot against the Father of the Nation is not hidden from Dr. Sweet Mother, who on mounting the podium, dresses him down. She rants on and on and on about people who say the opposite of what they have in mind.

Tuvy’s convoy is soon involved in a ghastly accident. He is assumed dead. Rescuers search the scene and pick up bodies of his aides, but no matter how hard they search, he is nowhere to be found among the remains.

It turns out the deputy isn’t the only one who feels he deserves to succeed the Father of the Nation. Dr. Sweet Mother, a female donkey from a humble background, also begins to believe she deserves the crown despite the patriarchal nature of leadership in the country.

The battle for the soul of the country soon sees the vice president, after surviving the accident, smoking the dried shit of mermaids, being douched with flowers and mutis from the crushed bones of fearsome beasts, and chewing their livers and drinking their urine. He also drinks juice from boiled barks and leaves of rare trees, smears his body with magic potions and performs sacrifice after sacrifice. All to counter Dr. Sweet Mother.

Within one week, Tuvy is hit by a hailstorm, has three more road crashes, four attempts are made to abduct him, and he is the target of four drive-by shootings. He survives them all. All glory to the cat, his sorcerer.

The country they are angling to lead is not one with gold-paved streets and homes. It is one with an army of unemployed, with businesses dying, with security officers wearing worn-out boots, with labourers not receiving their wages, with roads full of potholes, with streets littered with trash, with brutes, murderers, sorcerers in key positions, with a university system quick to award a doctorate degree to an undeserving First Lady, with power cuts, with miserable public schools, with fluctuating crime rates, with atrocious pass rate in national examinations, and with drought. It is also a nation where scarce resources are wasted on Minister of Order, Minister of the Revolution, Minister of Propaganda, Minister of Things, Minister of Disinformation, Minister of Corruption, Minister of Homophobic Affairs, and Minister of Lootin, among other ridiculous appointees. It is clear that these animals seek power for its grandeur and its grandeur alone.

Despite all the shenanigans in this nation, cows still moo, cats still meow, sheep still bleat, bulls still bellow, ducks still quack, donkeys still bray, horses still neigh, geese still cackle, chickens still cluck and peacocks shamelessly scream. It is the height of sycophancy. There are, however, some rebels like the Sisters of the Disappeared who protest naked during the Independence Day celebration to show that their nation’s days of glory are long gone.

Later events in the novel show that nothing lasts forever. Things fall apart and the centre fails to hold.

In ‘Glory’, Bulawayo’s Father of the Nation has so much in common with Zimbabwe’s late Robert Mugabe who tried unsuccessfully to become life president and not ex-president. Like Mugabe, Father of the Nation started out as a freedom fighter but, in no time, saw no one else that could rule his country and he kept ruling and ruling and ruling. The flag of Jidada also shares similarities with Zimbabwe’s, and the difference between Dr. Sweet Mother and Mugabe’s wife is like six and half a dozen. Tuvy also shares so much in common with Zimbabwe’s current president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who ousted Mugabe, a longstanding ally. Like Mnangagwa, Tuvy’s nickname is Crocodile. Many a scene can be reconnected with real-life events in Zimbabwe, though the characters are now animals. No doubt, this allegory is about Zimbabwe, the army of sycophants who made Mugabe their god and its power brokers.

Using animals to tell this story seems a protestation from the author; it is as though she is saying these men and women acted like animals and dragged the country down while mouthing revolution, colonialism, land reforms and anti-West slogans.

The novel is dark and vivacious. In it, you struggle to look for saints because almost everyone is flawed. It also tells the story of the corruption at the heart of African societies. And we see so many other anomalies in it.

The themes include abuse of power, sit-tightism, prejudice, deceit, failure of leadership, dictatorship, power play, and the thin gap between being a freedom fighter and a dictator.

Written in a mixture of narrative voices (third person and ‘we’) and in a blend of the present and past tenses, Bulawayo cleverly uses horses, donkeys, dogs, cats and pigs to tell a story of the past and present in an absorbing, stirring manner. Here horses represent the ruling class and dogs are in charge of defence and security.

My final take: Bulawayo’s prose is beautiful and evocative. Her writing is mesmerising and dazzling and leaves a reader with a Hobson’s choice of just following and following and following and trailing and trailing until the alluring last lines: “And every one of them felt warmed by the beautiful lotus fire. And every one of them heard the flames of that fire fan and flutter and roar right in their hearts. And every one of them understood that whatever they heard within those hearts was the new national anthem, tholukuthi, an anthem that spoke of the kind of glory that burns eternal and glows with living light.”

My final take: Leaders should lead well and not carry on like animals. We have too many animals in power. We certainly can do without them. Now that we are going into another electioneering period, we all need to open our eyes very well and separate the animals from the humans because animals do not deserve power. They usually mess things up and the last thing we need as a nation is mess. We have enough of it already and the time to clear them is 2023.

Published in Parliament

By Mike Odiegwu, Port Harcourt/ THE NATION

Rivers Governor Nyesom Wike has attacked his Ebonyi counterpart, Dave Umahi again for defecting to the All Progressives Congress (APC).

Wike advised the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) to scrutinise its aspirants for 2023 election to avert the mistake of handing its tickets to persons who would later join another party.

The presidential aspirant urged PDP delegates to vote for him during the party’s convention because he lacks the propensity to defect with the party’s mandate to another party.

The Rivers Governor spoke while wooing PDP leaders and delegates in Abakaliki, capital of Ebonyi State on Friday, according to a statement by his Special Asssitant, Media, Kelvin Ebiri.

Wike expressed optimism that a day of reckoning awaited Umahi and those who defected from the PDP to the APC.

He said the PDP would continue to fight against injustice meted on it by the defectors to strengthen the country’s democracy.

He said: “My colleague David Umahi, wherever you are, wherever you may be, hear me very well. PDP had sleepless night, PDP won election, and you took the mandate of our people and go to another party.

“If you know you are a man and you are very strong, and any day they fix election you will win, I challenge you to resign as governor and contest election whether you will win again.”

On why he deserved the ticket, he said: “I have never left this party one day. When PDP was in problem, I stood firm and I said PDP will not die.

“Don’t give (presidential) ticket to the person who will run from the party tomorrow . I am the only person Nigerians know will not run from the party.”

The Governor urged Ebonyi delegates to support his presidential ambition because he was the only aspirant with the capacity to defeat the APC in the 2023 presidential election.

Wike reiterated that PDP could not afford another defeat in the 2023 general election and advised delegates to shun ethnoreligious sentiment and vote for him to pull Nigeria out from the brinks.

“What PDP wants now is who can win election. It is not about where you come from. What the party wants today is who can win election for PDP. Give me this ticket let me go and win APC for you”, he said.

Wike lamented the spate of killings across the country, declaring that if he emerged as the next president, he would decisively tackle insurgency, banditry and grow the national economy.

He assured as President, he would encourage women and youths active participation in politics.

“If I am the President of this country, I will not have less than seven women as minister. I will not have less than seven youths as ministers”, he said.

Enugu Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi commended PDP faithful for remaining steadfast despite the recent defection of some members of the party to the APC.

Former Gombe Governor Ibrahim Hassan Dankwambo, told the delegates that Wike has the requisite experience to provide good governance.

He said: “Governor Nyesom Wike, is the person that is prepared for the job in terms of his training, in terms of his character, his courage, his commitment to the party and above all, his determination to work with all of you after he becomes the President of this country. He is strong, he has super energy.

“I have worked with a lot of people including presidents but I want to assure today, Governor Wike is one of the real very active and strong people I have worked with in recent times. He is very strong, he is very committed and he is very determined.”

Published in News & Stories

By Seye Olumide (Oyo), Lawrence Njoku (Enugu) and Terhemba Daka (Abuja) 22 April 2022 | 3:40 am

The First Lady, Aisha Muhammadu Buhari, yesterday extended an invitation to host all Presidential aspirants of various political parties tomorrow at the State House Conference Centre, Abuja, for the break of Ramadan fast dinner (Iftar).

It was gathered that the invited personalities were instructed to drop their mobile devices at home and only carry their invitation cards, which would serve as the only entry permit for the event.

So far, those who have indicated interest to contest the Presidential election include Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo; former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar; the All Progressives Congress (APC) national leader, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu; former governor of Anambra State, Peter Obi and former Presidents of the Senate, Anyim Pius Anyim and Bukola Saraki respectively.

Others are the governor of Rivers State, Nyesom Wike; his Kogi State counterpart, Yahaya Bello and that of Ebonyi State, Dave Umahi; that of Sokoto and Bauchi states, Aminu Tambuwal and Bala Mohammed respectively.

Former governor of Imo State, Rochas Okorocha; Minister of Labour and Employment, Senator Chris Ngige; Minister of Transportation, Rotimi Amaechi, businessman Isa Hayatudeen, among others have also indicated interest to contest the presidential elections next year.

However, it was gathered that the directive to them not to approach the venue with phones would not apply to Osinbajo and other governors and ministers, who are expected to be at the meeting.

Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity, Office of the Wife of the President, Aliyu Abdullahi, who confirmed the development, said: “There is no issue here. This is a standard operational protocol in the Villa when you are having either of the three occupants of the Presidency in attendance. If they are coming for an event, this is supposed to be DSS-enforced.

“Because outsiders will come. That’s the security and standard protocol whether the President is having an event or the Vice President or the First Lady is having an event. The dropping of phones does not apply to the Vice President. How can you expect that to apply to the Vice President or even ministers?” he asked.

MEANWHILE, some critical stakeholders and opinion moulders, yesterday, shared divergent views over the invitation. While some view the development as strange and unwarranted, wondering in what capacity the President’s wife is meeting with aspirants, others said the woman has demonstrated a kind of maturity and understanding, which her husband lacks and had failed to show in the last seven years.

Although the majority of senior members of the ruling APC, especially from the Southern region, bluntly refused to react to the development, stakeholders from opposition parties said the First Lady has simply demonstrated her managerial and accommodative spirit, which the President lacks.

Commending Aisha for the move, spokesman of Middle Belt Forum, Dr. Isuwa Dogo, said: “With what she has done, I feel Nigeria would have been better administered if she was the president. This is motherly care and love for the country, basically on the fact that she simply wanted the aspirants to eschew campaign of calumny against one another, but rather concentrate on their promise and vision, instead of being desperate to bring down one another.”

Dogo added that since it was an invitation and not a summoning, whoever is not interested can as well distance him or herself from the meeting. “It has nothing to do with the Constitution and she has not really gone out of her way. Her intention is clear, which is simply to fraternise with aspirants to eschew bitterness as we are beginning to witness among them.”

Similarly, National Chairman of the African Democratic Congress (ADC), Ralph Nwosu, commended the move, saying: “At least, President Buhari’s family must have begun to realise some of its mistakes and now trying to make corrections at the twilight of the administration.”

Nwosu, in line with Dogo, said the intention behind the invitation is not bad. “She is only going to let all the presidential aspirants understand the fact that despite belonging to different political platforms, the country that they are all aspiring to rule, peradventure if they win, is one and same.

“This is a good gesture, especially now that the division in Nigeria is obvious and dangerous. The meeting is like a kind of reunion of political parties and hopefully, those that will be in attendance would pick one or two things from it.”

Also, Emeritus President General of Aka Ikenga, Chief Goddy Uwazuruike, has said the controversy over the First Lady’s directive was unnecessary.

He said the directive ordinarily should not have generated controversy but for the “overzealousness” of those working with the wife of the President, since it was a normal practice for visitors to enter the villa without mobile phones, except with exemptions.

Uwazuruike said: “I think that order or release was given by an overzealous Aso Rock staff, because if you have ever gone to Aso Rock, what you do is to leave your phone in your car or at the gate. You don’t enter there with your phone. So coming to tell those people not to come there with their phones is not necessary.

“Making such a statement is not necessary and even if that is the procedure in Aso Rock, there is a way you do that when the person must have arrived at the meeting. It is supposed to be a small dinner but somebody has now made it controversial. It is a case of having staff not well-groomed in the protocol. The adverse publicity the invitation is receiving could have been avoided if there were no overzealous people working with the First Lady.

“Over the years, the issue of going into government house anywhere with the phone has always been restricted. You don’t need to write it on an invitation card; rather, there are ways you can make the person keep the phone either in his car or with his aide.”

Uwazuruike, however, stated that the development should not worry any of the aspirants invited to the meeting, stressing that “even if it was not spelt out in the invitation card, there is no way they could be allowed to go into the dinner with their phones.”

But sharing a divergent view, the Yoruba Ronu Leadership Forum said Mrs. Buhari has no capacity to summon presidential aspirants and that those who honour such invitation are not worthy of being elected as president.

President of the forum, Akin Malaolu, described the invitation as an insult to party politics and if allowed to scale through without being interrogated, Nigeria may be heading towards a one-party state with some arm-twisting tactics of the ruling party.

Published in Business and Economy

By Terhemba Daka (Abuja), Charles Coffie Gyamfi (Abeokuta) and Ann Godwin (Port Harcourt) 22 April 2022 | 3:54 am/ GUARDIAN.NG

Buhari meets service chiefs, orders them to rescue all captives across Nigeria

• NSA: El-Rufai’s comments compromising security
• Syria better than Nigeria – Peter Obi
• Ngige: I will introduce state police to every hamlet as president
• Proliferation of vigilante outfits may worsen insecurity, group warns
• Nigeria deploys 173 troops in Guinea Bissau

Rising from a four-hour National Security Council meeting yesterday, President Muhammadu Buhari once again issued fresh directives to security agencies to rescue all those in captivity across the country and advance the acquisition of intelligence.

The National Security Adviser (NSA), Babagana Munguno, disclosed this to State House correspondents after the first council meeting of the year chaired by President Buhari.

He said the President was not happy with the prevailing security situation and has remained a very sad man following deteriorating security in the land on account of the failure of the military and other agencies to tame the menace.

[FILES] Buhari . Photo/facebook/MuhammaduBuhari


According to him, the last straw was the recent attack on the Abuja-Kaduna train leading to the killing of some passengers and kidnapping of scores.

He said insufficient technology and human intelligence, particularly from the wider society, has led to the persistent war and unless this is defeated, the war might become insurmountable.

Joined by the Minister of Defence, Maj Gen Bashir Magashi (rtd) and the Inspector General of Police, Alkali Baba Usman, Monguno said the President cannot be happy when people are being killed left, right and center on a daily basis.

Conveying President Buhari’s demeanor, the NSA said: “A lot of lives are being lost, how can the President be happy in a situation when people are dying? If 10 times something happens, 10 times he will be unhappy and as the father of the nation, he has to express his displeasure.”

However, the NSA said President Buhari has ordered the immediate rescue of all kidnapped persons unhurt using the train attack as a basis.

Monguno stated that the President alone cannot completely receive the blame for insecurity in the country as his part (President) is to make strategic decisions, which he has been doing.

“You know, he is just at the managerial level, he gives us instructions. And his displeasure is probably because he feels enough is not being done. So we can’t put this thing on his shoulders completely. He’s at the strategic level, he takes the decisions, but when these things become endless, he has to express concern. And that’s just what he did.”

Fielding a question on why it was difficult to deploy technology, especially in some areas where the military has been having problems, the NSA said: “One, technology is expensive. Technology takes time to acquire since we do not produce this very delicate equipment.”

The NSA criticised the Kaduna State governor, Nasir el-Rufai, over his comments on security, saying that the governor’s comments could compromise security. He criticised el-Rufai for being a loudmouth, adding that he could indirectly help terrorists restrategise and in turn, endanger those in captivity.

He said this while responding to a question on el-Rufai’s claim that the military failed to act despite intelligence reports made available to them early enough on the hideout of bandits and planned attacks.

“El Rufai’s comments could compromise the security situation as the bandits can relocate to other destinations if they know that their current hideout is known. The governor spoke about the security agencies knowing who they (bandits) are and where they are. Again, that is dangerous.

“When you start talking too much. You give away a lot. Now, even if they say we know where they are, that in itself is already a problem. Because once you say it, whether it is true or false, the person who has your people in captivity will move to another location. So, sometimes it is best to just keep silent, mum is the word,” the NSA said.

WEIGHING in on rising insecurity, former President Olusegun Obasanjo has said the creation of state police would be a better option than community policing. Obasanjo made this disclosure when the leadership of the National Association of Ex-local Government Chairmen in Nigeria paid him a courtesy visit in Abeokuta.

Obasanjo, who commended the initiative behind the formation of the body, said the development clearly showed that some local chairmen were better than even the top elected leaders.

The former President, while responding to one of the speakers, Chinwe Monu-Olarewaju’s submission on the creation of community police to curb the wave of insecurity, said the idea needed to be changed.

“Our situation in Nigeria concerns everyone, particularly, the case of terrorism. The case has gone beyond the issue of community police. It is now state police. It is from that state police that we can now be talking about community police,” he said.

He also spoke on the need to strengthen the traditional system and the local government administration, “which I prepared during the popular Murtala/Obasanjo administration because I believe that there is a need to enable that tier of government to work truly like a local government.

RIVERS State Governor and Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) presidential aspirant, Nyesom Wike, has said the establishment of state police will be an enduring approach to address the festering insecurity in Nigeria.

A statement by the Special Assistant to the Governor on Media, Kelvin Ebiri, said the governor while wooing party delegates in Taraba State yesterday, dismissed the argument against the need for state police.

“The Federal Government cannot stop this insecurity if there is no state police. You must have state police, there are no two ways about it. Having state police does not mean you will not have federal police. All over the federal system, even councils have their own policy, so that you employ people who know the environment.”

The Rivers governor said those opposing state police often argue that if allowed, governors will use it against their opponents.

Similarly, the Taraba State governor, Darius Ishaku, also harped on the need for the creation of state police. He lamented the state of insecurity in Nigeria and expressed optimism that if the PDP returns to power in 2023, the party will restore the lost glory of the country.

FORMER governor of Anambra State and PDP presidential aspirant, Peter Obi, yesterday, said with the level of insecurity in the country, Syria has now become better than Nigeria. Obi stated this when he visited the leadership and delegates of the party in Imo State to inform them of his presidential ambition.

“You wake up every morning in Nigeria and hear things that happen in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Even Syria is now better than Nigeria because we have a failed government.

“Nigeria is owing more debt and there is no way in the next three years the government would be able to survive with the debt. No country survives it. The only way out is to have a production economy and not a sharing economy.

“We have borrowed over $100 billion and this country cannot generate power. When we look at the whole thing, we have come to change the economy from sharing economy to a production economy,” he declared.

The Minister of Labour and Employment, Dr. Chris Ngige, also backed the call for state police. He made this known when he appeared on Channels Television’s Politics Today last night.

When asked, the Minister aspiring to succeed President Buhari in 2023, said he will introduce state police to every hamlet.

“Of course, you will remember that as governor of Anambra State, the federal police was withdrawn from me and I was exposed, but I had to put together vigilantes (Bakassi Boys) and paid them N30,000 each every month to provide security in the state.”

BUT the International Crisis Group has said vigilante groups in Nigeria need “strong oversight” to avoid worsening the country’s security challenges. The group stated this in its report titled: ‘Managing Vigilantism in Nigeria: A Near-term Necessity,’ which was released yesterday.

There have been concerns about the activities of vigilantes in recent months, especially in relation to them operating without recourse to legal provisions.

In 2021, the Yan Sakai vigilance group, which operates in communities across the North and has been accused of carrying out reprisals when residents are attacked, was proscribed by several state governments. In Benue, where communities have come under attacks in recent years amid the signing of the anti-open grazing bill into law, the state government, in May 2021, disbanded all vigilance groups set up without legal backing.

With increasing attacks by gunmen across the country, more vigilance groups are springing up in states. According to the report by Crisis Group, vigilance organisations are growing in number as a result of the country’s security challenges, but without proper training for the operatives, adding that their activities could make things worse.

“Nigeria has seen a proliferation of new vigilance organisations to fight crime and protect the public. Vigilantes have filled the gap left by the federal police, which has largely failed to curb insecurity across the country. Yet, poorly trained or supervised, the groups could, over time, exacerbate rather than mitigate insecurity,” the report reads.

“Some question their constitutionality as well as their effectiveness. Some vigilantes have also been known to commit grave human rights violations and, more recently, the emergence of ethnically exclusive groups could further strain ethnic or other communal relations.”

Rinaldo Depagne, the group’s West Africa project director, also expressed concern over the possibility of politicians hijacking the group for selfish interests.

“Without stronger oversight, many worry the situation could get worse, with further and potentially more egregious abuses, deepening the prevailing culture of impunity and aggravating insecurity,” Depagne said.

According to the report, the federal and state governments must build a framework to ensure that vigilante groups in the country are effectively regulated.

“To reduce reliance on vigilantism, Abuja needs to rebuild trust in the state’s capacity to provide security to all citizens,” the group said.

MEANWHILE, amid rising insecurity, about 173 soldiers have been deployed to keep peace in Guinea Bissau as part of Nigeria’s contribution to global peace. The Chief of Operations, Army Headquarters, Major General Oluwafemi Akinjobi, disclosed this while speaking at the pre-deployment training graduation of Nigerian contingent to ECOWAS mission in Guinea Bissau.

Speaking at the Martin Luther Agwai International Leadership and Peacekeeping Centre Jaji, Kaduna State, he said: “Since independence, Nigeria has contributed over 100,000 troops to over 40 countries on peacekeeping missions.”

Represented by the Chief of Operations, Major General Zakari Abubakar, Akinjobi noted that Nigeria remains the beacon of peace and the gatekeeper of the ECOWAS sub-region. He maintained that Nigerian peacekeepers have helped restore peace in many conflict areas around the world, which has earned them many national and individual commendations from several missions.

He added: “The nation continues to strive to ensure security and stability in Africa through collective security by contributing to international peace and security, which is essential to Nigeria’s defence policy.”

Published in Headliners
Tuesday, 19 April 2022 05:42

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Published in Headliners

By Jide Orintunsin, Abuja On Apr 12, 2022/ THE NATION

NWC gears up for primaries guidelines

Osinbajo unfolds plan

The bid for the All Progressives Congress (APC) presidential ticket got into an upward swing yesterday when leading aspirant Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu met with the party’s governors to seek their support.

Also yesterday, Vice President Yemi Osinbajo made a declaration for the ticket via his social media handles after rounding off his consultations with a meeting with some of the governors on Sunday night.

On Saturday, Minister of Transportation Rotimi Amaechi threw his hat in the ring at a thanksgiving event in Port Harcourt, the Rivers State capital.

APC National Chairman Abdullahi Adamu has consulted with President Muhammadu Buhari on the guidelines for the party’s primaries expected to hold next month, it was learnt.

Tinubu, the national leader of the APC, met with the governors at the Kebbi State Governor’s Lodge in Asokoro, Abuja.

Governors at yesterday’s parley include Hope Uzodimma (Imo), Atiku Bagudu (Kebbi), Babajide Sanwo-Olu (Lagos), AbdulRahman AbdulRasaq (Kwara), Mai Mala Buni (Yobe) and Gboyega Oyetola (Osun).

Others are Nasir El-Rufai (Kaduna), Simon Lalong (Plateau), Abdullahi Ganduje (Kano), Abdullahi Sule (Nasarawa), Dapo Abiodun (Ogun) and Abubakar Badaru (Jigawa).

Also at the meeting were Senators Kasim Imam from Borno State, Senator Magnus Abe from Rivers and Chief Pius Akinyelure, a member of the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Limited Board from Ondo State.

The former Lagos State Governor spoke about his credentials as a private sector player, democracy activist, democrat and progressive.

He recalled his role in bringing about the restoration of democracy, the formation of the APC and the party’s victories in the 2015 and 2019 elections.

Tinubu assured the APC governors of inclusion and accommodation in the presidential project.

Addressing reporters after yesterday’s meeting with APC governors, Tinubu said he was seeking the governors’ support for his ambition.

He added: “My mission here is to seek collaboration, support and encouragement of my party, the APC, for my ambition to become the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, to succeed President Muhammadu Buhari.”

When asked for his views on the presidential declaration of Vice President Osinbajo, described by the reporter as ‘his son’, Tinubu said: “I don’t have any son grown up enough to make such declaration.”

Kebbi State Governor and Chairman, Progressive Governors Forum (PGF), Bagudu, said Tinubu discussed his ambition with the forum.

He said: “Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, this morning (yesterday), met members of the Progressives Governors’ Forum where he stated what he had made public already, his intention to seek for the office of the President come 2023. He briefed us on his reasons, his thinking and his message.

“All the governors in attendance graciously came to listen to him. He acknowledged the role of the governors in the last convention of our party, where, according to him, they steadied the party by helping in the evolution of the leadership that is accepted and widely acknowledged as that which we wish for our party.

“We appreciated him, and his message and we will discuss the message at one of our forum meetings.”

The PGF chairman faulted the insinuation that the ambition of Tinubu and Osinbajo may be putting the governors in a tight corner. Rather, he said their aspirations have further thrown up the party as a choice party parading competent aspirants.

Bagudu stressed: “On the contrary, we appreciate our party because it has become a party that has endeared itself to Nigerians. We have many brilliant people in our party, some serving and some not serving. The fact that we have people in our party that express a desire to lead the party into the highest office in electoral contests shows how much our party has resonated with Nigerians and our members.

“For us, it is a hallmark of success that people are showing interest. But, at the end of the day and because they are leaders of the party, they will always put the party’s interest at heart.”

On the possibility of the party adopting a consensus candidate as its presidential standard-bearer, the PGF Chairman said the party would adopt the best option, insisting that the APC would always go for the best.

“Don’t forget that in the 2015 presidential election primary, President Buhari contested against several others and it was a beautiful contest. There is nothing wrong. Members of the party always want to see consensus if it is possible. But, we are a democratic party.

“In our last convention, we had consensus in some of the offices and election in some others. There is always misrepresentation of consensus as if people are being snowballed into positions they would rather not take.”

The former Lagos State governor, who had informed President Muhammadu Buhari about his intention, also embarked on extensive consultations with party stakeholders nationwide.

Apart from meeting traditional rulers and opinion leaders in the Southwest, he has met members of the APC National Assembly caucus, Northern monarchs and religious leaders.

Published in News & Stories

By Seye Olumide (Ibadan) and Kehinde Olatunji (Lagos)/ GUARDIAN.NG

Serving Overseer of The Citadel Global Community Church, formerly known as the Latter Rain Assembly, Pastor Tunde Bakare, has declared his intention to contest the presidency in 2023 on the platform of the All Progressives Congress (APC).

Bakare, who disclosed his intention during a Zoom event organised by the PTB4-Nigeria movement on Saturday evening, claimed he was one of the founders of the APC and has never been part of any other party.

He said: “It was my privilege to move the motion for the merger between Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) and the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), on February 6, 2013, which resulted in the emergence of the APC, and I have never been part of any other party apart from that. By God’s grace, that will be the party I will seek the opportunity to serve and lead my nation.”

The event was organised to unveil ‘Project 16’ to Nigerians in the diaspora. In his address, Bakare said his ambition is based on a first-hand understanding of the challenges faced by the average Nigerian.

He noted that his mandate would be founded on peace, progress, prosperity and possibilities, adding that ‘Project 16’ is focused on his interest in becoming Nigeria’s 16th leader since the country gained independence in 1960.

“Against the backdrop of the prevailing state of the nation, we need a leader who can reconcile historical and current differences, reintegrate various ethnic and religious constituent parts into true nationhood and rebuild the broken walls of federalism, while maximising Nigeria’s diverse, geo-economic potential.

“Project 16 is not just about me. It’s not just about the presidential ambition of any man. In any case, I do not have a self-generated ambition. What I do have is a vision of a new Nigeria that was birthed in me from childhood and an honest aspiration to serve as the 16th president of my beloved nation, Nigeria.

“Birthing the new Nigeria is the mission of the 16th administration. The new Nigeria is a nation where no one goes to bed hungry and no child is left out of school without access to quality education; where our homes, schools, streets, highways and villages are safe and secure and Nigerians can work, play or travel with their minds at rest and go to bed with their hearts at peace.

“It’s a Nigeria where our hospitals are life-saving institutions and every Nigerian has access to good, quality healthcare; where no youth is unemployed and our young men and women are job creators; where businesses thrive on innovation and made-in-Nigeria can compete anywhere in the global market; where homes and businesses have access to clean and uninterrupted power supply and ideas are facilitated by functional infrastructure and cutting-edge technology,” he said.

He added that joblessness is responsible for the persistent insecurity in the country, saying that the vast majority of young people that are jobless are the ones easily recruited by those who are plaguing the nation with kidnapping and all kinds of terrorism.

“If we are able by God’s grace to get them engaged, employed and settled in their own environment to become productive, you will see that those attacks will wean.

“You have heard reports of our arms and ammunition getting into the hands of terrorists. If we build a formidable military, that is strong and well trained to tackle external aggression and join our police to tackle internal rebellion, we will be able to stem the tide of this plague of terrorism, kidnapping and all kinds of affliction that are now producing a profit of crime to our young people whose means of livelihood have been cut off and who are ready to die just in case they are killed,” the clergyman stated.

Speaking on his plans if elected as president, the cleric noted that his administration would make the ‘New Nigeria’ dream a reality.

“The message is simply ‘A New Nigeria for Every Nigerian.’ The 16th dispensation will be about making the New Nigeria the reality for every Nigerian. This is what the PTB brand stands for. It means that no part of our nation – North, South, East or West – should feel marginalised in Nigeria.”

Bakare added that the current challenges facing the country remain an opportunity for the right individuals to take the mantle of leadership in the country.

“The factors that have thus far shaped our national trajectory are converging towards a tipping point. I am confident that the darkest nights produce the brightest stars. Now is the time and this is the moment for such nation-builders to work towards one objective: the emergence of a New Nigeria.

“Inspired by my childhood dream and in line with my trajectory in bringing together the best of the North and the best of the South, it would be the honour and privilege of my life to facilitate this coalition of nation-builders as we collectively take the sixteenth step or leap towards the Nigeria of our dreams,” he declared.

MEANWHILE, prominent Yoruba socio-political groups, Afenifere and Yoruba Ronu Leadership Forum, yesterday, differed over the declaration of Bakare to contest for the 2023 presidential election.

While the apex Yoruba group said irrespective of whatever the cleric might have said in the past, his fundamental rights to contest cannot be questioned, Yoruba Ronu noted that the cleric is too inconsistent in his comments and it would be near impossible for any reasonable Nigerian to take him (Bakare) seriously.

In separate reactions, the Chairman of Afenifere, Chief Ayo Adebanjo, said irrespective of how Bakare lampooned Afenifere in the past over its tough disposition towards the National Leader of APC, Bola Ahmed Tinubu, in a sermon that went viral, Adebanjo noted that “Bakare has his fundamental rights to aspire to contest for the 2023 presidency under any political party of his choice.”

The nonagenarian specifically said it doesn’t matter what Bakare said about Tinubu or any group that takes a tough stand against the former governor of Lagos, his right to seek elective positions cannot be questioned.

“Do you want Afenifere to condemn Bakare for running for the presidency in 2023? That is not possible. Or has Bakare said Afenifere should stop its agitation and demand for restructuring? No. As a matter of fact, I will be unhappy with whoever tries to stop or discourage Bakare from seeking election into the number one office. It is his desire and it is also for Nigerians to look in his direction or not,” he said.

Adebanjo also disagreed with the insinuation in some quarters that Bakare is into the race simply to spite or spoil Tinubu’s chances, saying, “I don’t think it’s right to think like that.”

However, President of the Yoruba Ronu Forum, Akin Malaolu, said from what Bakare said in the viral sermon in which he vilified Yoruba elders for standing against Tinubu, it could be interpreted to mean that the cleric is backing Tinubu’s presidential aspiration and for him (Bakare) to suddenly make a u-turn and declare interest to contest for the presidency does not add up.

Malaolu also blamed the cleric for a lot of what he described as inconsistent statements. “The same man will talk restructuring, talk intermediate government and has now declared to run for President of Nigeria. He even said God has told him he would be Nigeria’s 16th President after Buhari. This is confusing.”

Published in Business and Economy

By Seye Olumide (Ibadan) and Kehinde Olatunji (Lagos)/ GUARDIAN.NG

Serving Overseer of The Citadel Global Community Church, formerly known as the Latter Rain Assembly, Pastor Tunde Bakare, has declared his intention to contest the presidency in 2023 on the platform of the All Progressives Congress (APC).

Bakare, who disclosed his intention during a Zoom event organised by the PTB4-Nigeria movement on Saturday evening, claimed he was one of the founders of the APC and has never been part of any other party.

He said: “It was my privilege to move the motion for the merger between Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) and the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), on February 6, 2013, which resulted in the emergence of the APC, and I have never been part of any other party apart from that. By God’s grace, that will be the party I will seek the opportunity to serve and lead my nation.”

The event was organised to unveil ‘Project 16’ to Nigerians in the diaspora. In his address, Bakare said his ambition is based on a first-hand understanding of the challenges faced by the average Nigerian.

He noted that his mandate would be founded on peace, progress, prosperity and possibilities, adding that ‘Project 16’ is focused on his interest in becoming Nigeria’s 16th leader since the country gained independence in 1960.

“Against the backdrop of the prevailing state of the nation, we need a leader who can reconcile historical and current differences, reintegrate various ethnic and religious constituent parts into true nationhood and rebuild the broken walls of federalism, while maximising Nigeria’s diverse, geo-economic potential.

“Project 16 is not just about me. It’s not just about the presidential ambition of any man. In any case, I do not have a self-generated ambition. What I do have is a vision of a new Nigeria that was birthed in me from childhood and an honest aspiration to serve as the 16th president of my beloved nation, Nigeria.

“Birthing the new Nigeria is the mission of the 16th administration. The new Nigeria is a nation where no one goes to bed hungry and no child is left out of school without access to quality education; where our homes, schools, streets, highways and villages are safe and secure and Nigerians can work, play or travel with their minds at rest and go to bed with their hearts at peace.

“It’s a Nigeria where our hospitals are life-saving institutions and every Nigerian has access to good, quality healthcare; where no youth is unemployed and our young men and women are job creators; where businesses thrive on innovation and made-in-Nigeria can compete anywhere in the global market; where homes and businesses have access to clean and uninterrupted power supply and ideas are facilitated by functional infrastructure and cutting-edge technology,” he said.

He added that joblessness is responsible for the persistent insecurity in the country, saying that the vast majority of young people that are jobless are the ones easily recruited by those who are plaguing the nation with kidnapping and all kinds of terrorism.

“If we are able by God’s grace to get them engaged, employed and settled in their own environment to become productive, you will see that those attacks will wean.

“You have heard reports of our arms and ammunition getting into the hands of terrorists. If we build a formidable military, that is strong and well trained to tackle external aggression and join our police to tackle internal rebellion, we will be able to stem the tide of this plague of terrorism, kidnapping and all kinds of affliction that are now producing a profit of crime to our young people whose means of livelihood have been cut off and who are ready to die just in case they are killed,” the clergyman stated.

Speaking on his plans if elected as president, the cleric noted that his administration would make the ‘New Nigeria’ dream a reality.

“The message is simply ‘A New Nigeria for Every Nigerian.’ The 16th dispensation will be about making the New Nigeria the reality for every Nigerian. This is what the PTB brand stands for. It means that no part of our nation – North, South, East or West – should feel marginalised in Nigeria.”

Bakare added that the current challenges facing the country remain an opportunity for the right individuals to take the mantle of leadership in the country.

“The factors that have thus far shaped our national trajectory are converging towards a tipping point. I am confident that the darkest nights produce the brightest stars. Now is the time and this is the moment for such nation-builders to work towards one objective: the emergence of a New Nigeria.

“Inspired by my childhood dream and in line with my trajectory in bringing together the best of the North and the best of the South, it would be the honour and privilege of my life to facilitate this coalition of nation-builders as we collectively take the sixteenth step or leap towards the Nigeria of our dreams,” he declared.

MEANWHILE, prominent Yoruba socio-political groups, Afenifere and Yoruba Ronu Leadership Forum, yesterday, differed over the declaration of Bakare to contest for the 2023 presidential election.

While the apex Yoruba group said irrespective of whatever the cleric might have said in the past, his fundamental rights to contest cannot be questioned, Yoruba Ronu noted that the cleric is too inconsistent in his comments and it would be near impossible for any reasonable Nigerian to take him (Bakare) seriously.

In separate reactions, the Chairman of Afenifere, Chief Ayo Adebanjo, said irrespective of how Bakare lampooned Afenifere in the past over its tough disposition towards the National Leader of APC, Bola Ahmed Tinubu, in a sermon that went viral, Adebanjo noted that “Bakare has his fundamental rights to aspire to contest for the 2023 presidency under any political party of his choice.”

The nonagenarian specifically said it doesn’t matter what Bakare said about Tinubu or any group that takes a tough stand against the former governor of Lagos, his right to seek elective positions cannot be questioned.

“Do you want Afenifere to condemn Bakare for running for the presidency in 2023? That is not possible. Or has Bakare said Afenifere should stop its agitation and demand for restructuring? No. As a matter of fact, I will be unhappy with whoever tries to stop or discourage Bakare from seeking election into the number one office. It is his desire and it is also for Nigerians to look in his direction or not,” he said.

Adebanjo also disagreed with the insinuation in some quarters that Bakare is into the race simply to spite or spoil Tinubu’s chances, saying, “I don’t think it’s right to think like that.”

However, President of the Yoruba Ronu Forum, Akin Malaolu, said from what Bakare said in the viral sermon in which he vilified Yoruba elders for standing against Tinubu, it could be interpreted to mean that the cleric is backing Tinubu’s presidential aspiration and for him (Bakare) to suddenly make a u-turn and declare interest to contest for the presidency does not add up.

Malaolu also blamed the cleric for a lot of what he described as inconsistent statements. “The same man will talk restructuring, talk intermediate government and has now declared to run for President of Nigeria. He even said God has told him he would be Nigeria’s 16th President after Buhari. This is confusing.”

Published in Business and Economy
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